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Does a Walt Disney World Attraction Help People Pass Kidney Stones?

Fraud Alert:

CLAIM Taking one or more rides on the Big Thunder Mountain roller coaster at Walt Disney World can help dislodge kidney stones. UNPROVEN RATING UNPROVEN ORIGIN Ask anyone who has experienced a urinary blockage due to kidney stones and they will tell you there is nothing fun or remotely pleasant about the experience. Caused when […]




Las Vegas Shooting Rumors, Hoaxes, and Conspiracy Theories

Fraud Alert:

CLAIM We investigated a number of hoaxes, rumors, and conspiracy theories associated with a mass shooting on the Las Vegas strip on 1 October 2017. MIXTURE RATING MIXTURE ORIGIN On 1 October 2017, a shooter opened fire on an outdoor country music festival in Las Vegas, killing 58 people and wounding hundreds. As is often […]




Gun Ownership and Homicides in Honduras vs. Switzerland

Fraud Alert:

CLAIM An image contrasts radically different gun laws and homicide rates in Honduras and Switzerland. FALSE RATING FALSE ORIGIN Every mass shooting event in the United States prompts renewed debate about the efficacy of gun control regulations, and the 1 October 2015 shooting at Umpqua Community College in Oregon that left nine people dead on […]




Did a Second Gunman Shoot From the Fourth Floor of the Mandalay Bay Hotel?

Fraud Alert:

CLAIM A second gunman fired at a crowd from the fourth floor of the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino during the mass shooting in Las Vegas. FALSE RATING FALSE ORIGIN In the days immediately following the worst mass shooting in modern American history, in which 58 people were killed and 527 injured by automatic gunfire […]




Are 871 Convicted Felons Currently Playing for the NFL?

Fraud Alert:

CLAIM There are currently 871 convicted felons playing for the NFL. FALSE RATING FALSE ORIGIN In early October 2017, a meme circulated on social media with the apparent aim to paint the National Football League’s players as criminals who are insincere in their kneeling protest during the national anthem: Because the meme does not cite […]




Anthem Has Been a Channel for Protests Since Song’s Origins

Fraud Alert:

DETROIT (AP) — When football players kneel during the national anthem, Mark Clague sees the continuation of a tradition as old as the song itself. The University of Michigan musicology professor and expert on “The Star-Spangled Banner” said the song has been a channel for protest since at least 1844, three decades after Francis Scott […]




Did the NFL Give Donald Trump a Lifetime Ban After a Disastrous Lawsuit?

Fraud Alert:

CLAIM The NFL gave Donald Trump a “lifetime ban” after he was involved in a disastrous lawsuit against the league. MIXTURE RATING MIXTURE WHAT’S TRUE As owner of the New Jersey Generals USFL team in the 1980s, Trump was a driving force behind an antitrust lawsuit against the NFL that was successful but won only […]




Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price Resigns

Fraud Alert:

Sources: The White House. “Statement from the Press Secretary.” 29 September 2017. Goldstein, Amy and Wagner, John. “Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price Resigns After Criticism for Taking Charter Flights at Taxpayer Expense.”Washington Post. 29 September 2017. Alonso-Zaldivar, Ricardo and Lemire, Jonathan. “Trump’s Health Secretary Resigns in Travel Flap.”The Associated Press. 29 September 2017. […]




Daily Caller Posts Video of Jewish Journalist Saying ‘Chutzpah’ While Hava Nagila Plays

Fraud Alert:

On 28 September 2017, the Daily Caller — a news site created by Fox News commentator Tucker Carlson — posted a video to its YouTube channel with the title “New York Times’ Glenn Thrush Has KHOUTSPA”, accompanied by a well-known Jewish folk song called “Hava Nagila“: The New York Times’ Maggie Haberman called attention to the video […]




Hugh Hefner, ‘Playboy’ Creator and Pop Culture Icon, Dies

Fraud Alert:

Hugh Hefner, who became a cultural icon after creating and helming adult magazine Playboy, has died at his home, the Playboy Mansion, of natural causes. He was 91. Hefner worked as a copy writer for Esquire magazine before mortgaging his furniture and raising money from investors (including his own mother) to create Playboy.  “Both lauded and criticized […]




Is Fentanyl-Laced Marijuana use on the Rise?

Fraud Alert:

CLAIM Fentanyl-laced marijuana use is a real and growing concern in the United States. FALSE RATING FALSE ORIGIN At numerous times in 2017, local news stories reporting overdose incidents from “fentanyl-laced” marijuana have gone viral. Fentanyl, a relatively cheap opioid that is much stronger than heroin, is sometimes cut with other opioids to increase potency. On […]




Do ‘Sonic Weapons’ Adequately Explain ‘Health Attacks’ on Diplomats in Cuba?

Fraud Alert:

CLAIM An inaudible sonic weapon adequately explains the range of symptoms experienced by diplomats suffering from “health attacks” in Cuba. FALSE RATING FALSE ORIGIN A mysterious international dispute that threatens the recently thawed diplomatic relationship between the United States and Cuba came to light in a 10 August 2017 story first reported by the Associated Press. […]




NFL Fines Pittsburgh Steelers $1M Each for Skipping National Anthem?

Fraud Alert:

CLAIM The NFL has fined Pittsburgh Steelers players $1 million each for staying in their locker room during the national anthem. FALSE RATING FALSE ORIGIN On 24 September 2017, the America’s Last Line of Defense web site published reporting that the Pittsburgh Steelers football team was fining its players $1 million each for engaging in […]




Donald Trump Doesn’t Salute the Flag?

Fraud Alert:

CLAIM Donald Trump failed to place his hand over his heart during the playing of the U.S. national anthem at the beginning of a GOP debate. FALSE RATING FALSE ORIGIN During the 2008 presidential campaign, a cottage industry was started from a single instance in which Democratic candidate Barack Obama, then a senator from Illinois, […]




How To Seek Information on Loved Ones in Puerto Rico

Fraud Alert:

On 20 September 2017 the Category 4 Hurricane Maria made landfall in Puerto Rico, killing six people and knocking out power to the entire island. In response to the difficulty people may be experiencing in reaching loved ones in the territory, the Puerto Rican Federal Affairs Administration (PRFAA) has urged anyone seeking “general information or […]