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Energy Drink Results in Hole in Expectant Father’s Skull?

Fraud Alert:

CLAIM

Energy drinks caused an expectant father to lose a large portion of his skull.




UNPROVEN

RATING

UNPROVEN

ORIGIN

More than a week after it was published, a 3 October 2017 Facebook post purporting to depict the aftermath of an expectant father’s brain hemorrhage and surgery went viral.

The post, which was subsequently deleted from the Facebook page of photography company Endres Photography, described the testimony of a client named Brianna, who wrote that this life-altering event was caused by her husband’s excess consumption of energy drinks:

The doctors concluded (after running his tox screen and ruling out drugs) that this horrible event was due to his recent excessive energy drink consumption (a habit he had built when he started working longer hours and commuting).

Fox News was among the sites that picked up Brianna’s click-friendly story, but no one appeared to go further than the Facebook post to verify whether the details were accurate or correct. Dates, locations, and other information necessary to verify her husband Austin’s purported diagnosis were missing from the story — instead, news outlets included quotes and screenshots from a single secondhand Facebook post. Articles about the viral post did not even contain information from doctors verifying that the information presented was credible or medically plausible. 

We reached out to three medical experts to assess the plausibility of the scenario described by Endres Photography, but received have not received a response by press time. A search of the medical literature suggests that a hemorrhage caused by an energy drink is plausible but unlikely and, if a connection is present at all, it would be poorly understood. 

The primary link, if there is one, would likely come from caffeine’s effect on blood pressure. Caffeine, by constricting blood vessels, increases a person’s blood pressure, which ultimately can increase the risk of hemorrhaging in the brain. A number of analyses have, however, reached conflicting conclusions about the reality of this scenario, however. 

A 2016 paper purports to present the first case-report in medical literature suggesting a connection between energy drinks and brain hemorrhaging. That single report, concerning a 57 year old who consumed an energy drink called Redline, does not provide much more outside of speculation, however:

It is not immediately clear what component of the drink led to the hemorrhage in our patient. The high caffeine content is likely to have contributed, given its association with hemorrhagic strokes.

Caffeinated energy drinks have also been shown to have effects on platelet aggregation and endothelial function. […] The other components of this drink, such as yohimbine and 5-hydroxytryptophan, have also been associated with elevated blood pressure, and there may be interactions between the various ingredients that lead to new effects.

Based on Brianna’s account, the doctors in her case “concluded” the cause was her husband’s (admittedly considerable) energy drink habit based only on the fact that there were no other drugs found in his system. Without knowing what additional information was available to the doctors, it is impossible to say weather or not this was, similarly, speculative on their part.

Regardless of its specific cause, it is factual that in some cases removing a portion of the victims skull (a procedure known as a decompressive hemicraniectomy) is indicated as a treatment for some kinds of brain hemorrhaging. It is therefore possible such a surgery, whose aftermath could potentially be depicted in the photographs, would be performed on someone with excessive bleeding in the brain. 

However, without additional information, it is impossible to know if doctors did indeed diagnose a man named Austin with a brain hemorrhage, if they attributed the hemorrhage to an energy drink, and if they were correct in doing so. If events did indeed occur this way, they would be — based on the scientific literature — extremely rare.

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Fact Checker:
Kim LaCapria

Alex Kasprak

Featured Image:
Shanti Hesse / Shutterstock.com

Published:
Oct 13th, 2017

Sources:

Hartley, T.R., et al..   “Cardiovascular Effects of Caffeine in Men and Women.”
    American Journal of Cardiology.   April 2004.

Kim, Byungsung, et al.   “Coffee Consumption and Stroke Risk: A Meta-Analysis of Epidemiologic Studies.”
    Korean J Fam Med.   November 2012.

Venkatraman, A, et al.   “Hemorrhagic Stroke After Consumption of an Energy Drink.”
    Am J Emerg Med.   March 2017.

Alvis-Miranda, Hernando, et al.   “Decompressive Craniectomy and Traumatic Brain Injury: A Review”
    Bull. Emerg. Trauma.   April 2013.

Article source: http://www.snopes.com/energy-drink-results-in-hole-in-expectant-fathers-skull/